What is Periodontal Disease?

periodontal-gum-diseasePeriodontal diseases are infections of the structures around the teeth. These include the gums, the cementum that covers the root, the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal disease and this infection affects only the gums. In more severe forms of the disease, all of the supporting tissues are involved. Untreated Gingivitis can advance to Periodontitis, an inflammatory response caused by bacterial infection. Gum recession due to periodontal disease can be aggravated by dry mouth (Xerostomia) and tooth position; which can cause severe dental cavities and root decay. Bacterial toxins cause the breakdown of bone and connective tissue that hold the tooth in place. The gums eventually pull away from the teeth causing spaces called “pockets.”

What are the symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

  • Red, swollen and bleeding gums (healthy gum tissue do not bleed)
  • Loose teeth
  • Spaces between your teeth
  • Tender gums and sensitivity
  • Bad breath that will not go away
  • Gums that pull away from your teeth (receding), making your teeth appear longer than normal

Common risk factors of Periodontal Disease include:

  • Gingivitis that occurs due to poor oral health habits that can directly lead to Periodontal Disease
  • Drug-induced Xerostomia (dry mouth)
  • Compromised immunity (Rheumatoid Arthritis, Type I Diabetes, Scleroderma, Sjögren’s Syndrome, etc.)
  • Oral and systemic pH imbalance
  • Smoking
  • Poor nutrition
  • Malocclusion – poor tooth alignment
  • Clenching and grinding
  • Lack of coordinated care between your dentist and your health care provider

At Cariodontal, no matter how progressive your periodontal disease may be, we work to improve your case by outlining a treatment plan based on your situation, educate you to take the necessary lifestyle changes to improve your current state, but to also prevent further progression and/or recurrence, and work with your team of doctors to ensure that together, as a team we are working towards your optimal wellness.

Back to Mouth Body Connection